The technological advances have made our life easier and simplified the work and several tasks if used correctly. However, there is a minimum knowledge needed to use computers and keep them functional, and most of us do need the help of an expert to fix any problem. So following just a few tips on dealing with a malware infection, we can use safely these resources.
What is malware and why is it dangerous?
Malware can be defined, in a wide sense, as any software who does anything not stated in its description. However, it usually refers to specific programs created to access your private information.
This includes files in our computer, as well as the data of our accounts in social media or bank. If we are not careful when browsing through Internet, we will be susceptible to losing our privacy and even our money.
How can we avoid malware?
As well as sicknesses, the best way to deal with a malware infection is to avoid it happens in first place and having regular PC Tune-Ups. Most of the times, these programs are installed by the users when installing other programs. They can come bundled together, and during the installation progress, it is necessary to read carefully to deny their installation.
Clicking on ads that download files into our computers, or accidentally downloading files such as music, pictures, videos, etc.; that end up being executable software are other common sources of infection. The best way to avoid this is to use an antivirus that will delete immediately any potentially dangerous software, and try to only navigate through safe webs.
What can I do if I have malware in the computer?
However, once the damage is done, it should be fixed as quickly as possible to avoid the loss of personal information and the further spread of the infection without our knowledge. If we do let the situation keep going, we can lose our identity or get stolen.
The first step is to identify that we have a malware infection. If our computer is slower without an apparent reason, malware could be involved. Another obvious sign is the appearance of ads when clicking on a page. And we have to stay alert for any of these programs: toolbars or download assistants that were not installed by us.
We can also check the list of software to see any program that we did not install. If they have never been used, are recently installed and have unknown or strange names, they can be malware. In this case, the best choice is to look up its name on the Internet.
And once we have identified them, we have to uninstall them. It does not matter if they are actual programs or just add-ons or plugins in the browser, but as soon as we delete them we will get rid of the problem.
Though this is true in most cases, there can be further complications. Identifying Trojans (programs that pretend to have a use while doing other things), rogue registry keys or individual files is harder, and they need to be deleted manually.
When this happens, the best option is to install specific software for its deletion. Antivirus can recognize this malware, uninstall it, and delete any remaining file on the computer to avoid future infections. In conclusion, the best way to keep your computer sane without being an expert is to have an open eye and use an excellent program to keep you safe.